Construction of a 3 classroom cyclone proof primary school at Ambatofitatra, north of Sambava. December 2015 with MDF.

Location: The fokontany of Ambatofitatra, Rural Commune of Sambava, District of Sambava, Région Sava is located 1 352 kms from the capital, Antananarivo. Access is by air and involves a 2 hour flight. Ambatofitatra village is 2 kms from Sambava (15mn) on the tarmac road to Andapa, (RN 5) followed by 2kms on unpaved road (10mn)

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Existing schoolhouse with schoolhouse to be replaced

 

BRIEF PROJECT OUTLINE

Rationale

Like most villages in rural areas, Ambatofitatra is a deprived and very poor community. The population make their living from cutting and selling timber, agriculture and cattle raising, and live in harsh and primitive conditions – reflecting the extreme poverty that exists throughout Madagascar.

Typical of most villages in rural areas, children access school on foot – some of them travelling a considerable distance with nothing to eat or drink between leaving home and returning from school several hours later.

Ambatofitatra State Primary School was created in 2007 by the villagers using their own meagre resources. The school was completely destroyed by a cyclone and re-built in 2012 by a French charity and the Sambava municipality – with two classrooms made half of concrete blocks and half of timber which remains in good condition.

In 2013, to cope with the lack of space and an increase in the number of children, the villagers using local materials (basically sticks and leaves) built another classroom – which is now in very poor condition. When it rains water streams down through the roof onto the children and their books. If it is available the children are taught in a store room used for rice and cassava. But if not they have to be sent home.   This greatly reduces the number of hours of tuition and the effectiveness of the teaching – having an inevitably negative impact on exam results.

Normally state primary schools only have classes in the morning. But due to the lack of space Ambatofitatra Primary School has two daily sessions, with some children (levels CE; CM1; CM2) attending school only in the morning from 07h30 to 12h30, and the rest (levels CP1 and CP2) from 12h30 to 17.30. Conditions at the school, where there is a shortage of teaching materials and classroom furniture, contribute to the high drop-out rate. The school benches are designed for two children, but they are usually occupied by 4 or even 5 children. The school has neither latrines nor easy access to safe clean water. The school well is in bad condition and the water polluted and unusable. In general conditions at the school for students and teachers are unsatisfactory and far from meeting acceptable standards of hygiene and health.

310 children currently attend the school, 85% of whom live some considerable distance away. And an estimated 203 children of school age are not currently in education due to the lack of space – a number that increases steadily at the start of each school year. This situation can only get worse in the years to come as more children reach school age in this and neighbouring communities. Unless the school’s capacity is increased those children whose parents allow them to attend school will have no choice but to travel even further to any other school that can accommodate them.

Ambatofitatra Primary School has 5 teachers. The Ministry of Education currently meets the cost of 4 civil servant teacher. The other one, recruited locally, is paid partly in cash and in kind, (cassava and sacks of rice) by the Association of Parents of children who attend the school.

In the light of the problems mentioned above, and in response to the growing number of school age children, the local representative of the Ministry of Education (Chef SISCO) and members of the community and teachers have sought MDF’s help in securing funds to improve conditions for the children and increase the school’s capacity.

 


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Completed replacement schoolhouse

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Same completed schoolhouse

 

Objectives

  • To build three cyclone-proof classrooms, equiped with school benches, desks for the teachers, bookshelves and cupboards. The school will provide basic facilities, but be light, airy and welcoming.
  • To construct a three compartment Ventilation Improved Pit (VIP) latrine (separate facilities for boys and girls).

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Children of Ambatofitatra outside their new school

Main Inputs

The project has been visited and evaluated on the spot. The sacrifices parents have already made to educate their children merit support and encouragement.

They have indicated their willingness to provide free labour and supply locally available building materials as their contribution to building the new school.

The plot of land on which the new school will be built is part of the school property.

When funds become available MDF will advance half the required amount to allow work to begin. The second half will be paid only on receipt of a satisfactory, illustrated report, including receipted bills, showing that work is progressing.

MDF will manage the finances and the project throughout – thus applying rigorous financial controls.

Main Outputs

The new school will increase capacity and enable more children to receive a basic education in decent conditions.

Better access to a basic education will in due course make an important contribution to development and increase the children’s employment prospects – thereby helping to alleviate poverty.

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Boys and girls of Ambatofitatra inside the new classrooms

 

Project execution: August 2015
 Project completion: December 2015

 

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